The effect of water temperature on the removal by preloaded granular ac

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  • sakurajun
    January 13, 2021 at 10:43 pm #101966

    The effect of water temperature on the removal of 2-methylisoborneol and geosmin by preloaded granular activated carbon
    Granular activated carbon (GAC)[url=https://www.granular-activated-carbon.com/]granular carbon[/url]is widely used by drinking water treatment plants in the Great Lakes region to control 2-methylisoborneol (MIB) and geosmin associated with summertime algal blooms. Recently, however, taste and odour events are being detected in the winter, but there is limited information in the literature about the effect of temperature on GAC performance. In this study, batch isotherm experiments were conducted at 4 °C, 10 °C, and 20 °C to evaluate the temperature impact on adsorption thermodynamics. Pilot-scale column tests were then performed at the same temperatures to evaluate the temperature effect on overall removal, including both thermodynamics and kinetics. The pore and surface diffusion model (PSDM) was applied to fit the experimental data of the pilot-scale column tests, which allowed the kinetic parameters to be determined at each temperature. The isotherm results showed that water temperature did not have a significant effect on the equilibrium adsorption capacity (i.e., the thermodynamics) for MIB and geosmin under the conditions tested, but the pilot tests showed an increased removal of MIB and geosmin by 20–30% at 20 °C compared to the lower temperatures. This demonstrates that water temperature has more impact on kinetics than thermodynamics. Numerical simulations showed that the overall external mass transfer coefficient, Kf’, had the greatest impact on breakthrough. An exponential equation was proposed to correlate temperature and Kf’, and it could be incorporated into a site-specific PSDM to predict the removals of MIB and geosmin in GAC[url=https://www.coalactivatedcarbon.com/]coal carbon manufacturer[/url]contactors at different temperatures. The model could then be used by a utility, for example, to predict the required increase in empty bed contact time needed to control taste and odour in the winter to the same extent as in the summer.

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